Economic Social Legal Pathways, Inc.

Assertive Community Treatment

Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) is an evidence-based practice that improves outcomes for people with severe mental illness who are most at-risk of homelessness, psychiatric hospitalization, and institutional recidivism. ACT is one of the oldest and most widely researched evidence-based practices in behavioral healthcare for people with severe mental illness.

ACT is a multidisciplinary team approach with assertive outreach in the community. The consistent, caring, person-centered relationships have a positive effect upon outcomes and quality of life. People receiving ACT services tend to utilize fewer intensive, high-cost services such as emergency department visits, psychiatric crisis services, and psychiatric hospitalization. They also experience more independent living and higher rates of treatment retention.

ACT & Integrated ACT-IDDT

ESLP Center provides technical assistance to mental health organizations in California and other states that are providing ACT services, plan to implement ACT services, and wish to integrate ACT with Integrated Dual Disorder Treatment (IDDT), the evidence-based practice for people with severe mental illness and addiction to alcohol and other drugs.


Our consultants and trainers have been invited guest presenters about ACT and integrated ACT-IDDT at numerous conferences and training events in the United States, including the national conference of the Assertive Community Treatment Association (ACTA).



1.) Gary R. Bond, Robert E. Drake, Kim T. Mueser and Eric Latimer (2001). Assertive Community Treatment for People with Severe Mental Illness: Critical Ingredients and Impact on Patients. Disease Management and Health Outcomes, v9, n3, p141-159.

2.) Susan D. Phillips, Barbara J. Burns, Elizabeth R. Edgar, Kim T. Mueser, Karen W. Linkins, Robert A. Rosenheck, Robert E. Drake, Elizabeth C. McDonel Herr (2001). Moving Assertive Community Treatment Into Standard Practice. Psychiatric Services, v52, n6, p771-779.

3.)  Michelle P. Salyers and Gary R. Bond (2009). Innovations and Adaptations of Assertive Community Treatment. American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation, v12, n3,  p185-190.

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